Building roof trusses

Learning how to build your own roof truss components can save a lot of money because truss companies charge a lot for construction and delivery of trusses.

truss

A roof truss is made strong because it uses leverage to maintain the weight of the roof.

roof truss

Trusses are connected with glue and mending plates and pressed while they are drying.

wooden truss

Mending plates keep the truss pieces from moving. These are plates that have small points on the underside that are pressed into place.

truss slope

The roof pitch is described as a slope. This is calculated by how many inches of slope are in a foot.

build truss

Trusses are custom made to fit the exact span of the walls in a floorplan. Even though they are custom made, they are easy to make yourself. They are just 2X4 lumber cut at angles to fit into a truss design for strength.

gambrel roof

This page talks more about barn-type trusses, but there is a good instructional page for building normal trusses here.

barn roof



Gambrel roofs make a lot of sense because they add extra living space for minimal cost and they are strong. If the roof won't have a load-bearing wall supporting it in the middle then the slope needs to be a 30 and 60 degree combination to make it the strongest.



make a barn roof



You may want to add extra bracing and support at the knee of the truss. Gambrel trusses are quite different than normal trusses. The load is usually put on the knee of the roof. That is why the angle is so important.

build dormers



Dormers look nice with gambrel roofs. They add light and make a nice view. Dormers also have their own trusses that are easy to make.

dormer